In Search Of Middle-Earth: Urbanism And Gondor

In Search Of Middle-Earth: Urbanism And Gondor
December 31, 2017 Admin
Minas Tirith In Search of Middle Earth

Greetings men-

Here is another article on Middle-Earth by the distinguished Michael Gladius!

Its quite interesting, and there’s also an excellent Youtube video embedded below on how reaslitistic the castles in Lord of the Rings are.

-Julian

 

 

In Search Of Middle-Earth: Part 3

Numenorian Stonework: Urbanism in Middle-Earth

 

Much of Middle-Earth was built by the Numenorians. These men from the sea founded the kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor, built the great cities of Minas Tirith and Fornost, the watchtowers of Amon Sul (weathertop) and Amon Hen, as well as marvels like the Argonath. Like all great civilizations, they built great monuments that endure long after their original builders have passed from memory. Europe is no stranger to this.

Thus far, we have looked at the need for an agrarian society, and then at the need for communal life as well as individual freedoms. Once our society stabilizes, however, the natural tendency will be to drift back towards cities for the commercial benefits. Therefore, we will deal with the subject of urbanism and its risks and benefits.

 

Minas Tirith

Minas Tirith is a mighty fortress city in Gondor. Its defenses are strong, and its armies large and powerful. Gondor is a maritime and commercial power, but the majority of its population are farmers, as was the case with Athens during the Peloponnesian War. The minority that lives in Gondor’s cities are primarily tradesmen and merchants. The social fabric of the cities is every bit as tribal as in the countryside, and communal life is still present.

Rather than corporations or unions, urban industry is dominated by the guilds. The closest analogy today are blue-collar ‘skilled’ laborers. Just as in the medieval period, tradesmen begin their careers as apprentices, under a master. Once they complete their apprenticeship, they become journeymen, and may work as hired men for a master, but may not own their own shops. Once a journeyman has acquired enough skill/experience, he is recognized as having mastered his trade. Once he is a master, he may own his own shop and teach apprentices.

 

Within the medieval town, men who practiced a common trade would live together as neighbors, have their shops next door to each other (often along a single street or surrounding a plaza), and live a communal life together.

Guilds were fraternal institutions, much like the Knights of Columbus today. This allowed tradesmen to support one another, decide on prices, and share their knowledge with each other.

Unlike corporations and unions, guilds were not centralized institutions. Tradesmen owned their own tools and shops, and had great autonomy over their business deals. Guilds were specific to their towns/localities, rather than having branches in multiple locations.

The other major group within the city is the merchant class, the bourgeois. These men could form guilds as well, but could also be independent. The modern-day middle class, service industries, and banking industries all trace their roots to this unusual culture (https://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/view.cfm?recnum=2580).

The great social risk, however, comes from the bourgeois, not the guilds. Throughout the centuries, most successful revolutions have been the work of the merchant class and lower nobility, rather than the working class. We can easily see this today by contrasting George Soros (merchant class) to Tommy Robinson (working class), although there are many others.

Historically, heresies such as the Cathari, conversos, and Protestants wreaked havoc on the social fabric of European civilization, and the merchant class eyed the Church’s monastic wealth when they threw their support behind the rebels.

Even where the bourgeois sided with the monarchy, as they did in France against the Huguenots, or William Cecil supporting Queen Elizabeth I, the merchant class would usurp and weaken the monarchies more often than not.

Queen Elizabeth was powerless against Cecil throughout her reign, and the French bourgeois later become patrons of the French Revolution, usurping the popular monarchy with their wealth, connections, and organizational prowess.

Where they were successful, communal life was destroyed, beautiful things were stripped bare, European unity against the advancing Islamic tide was divided, and the seeds of modernity were sown. The bourgeois culture, and lack of communal life, was embraced by the nonconformists in Protestant territories whose new societies existed solely for the purpose of producing wealth, and left all else to private initiative.

Minas Tirith Tolkienism

Minas Tirith made of matchsticks. From Flickr and google search ‘free to use or share’.

 

This economic worldview produced the industrial revolution, along with all of its accomplishments and abuses, as profits and production replaced human needs as the primary goal. Puritanism accepted this lifestyle, as it also viewed God as a strict, Heavenly banker demanding tireless labor.

Ironically, Puritanism’s embrace of this bourgeois culture simultaneously made those nations (Prussia and Britain, especially) tremendously wealthy and powerful, yet sowed the seed for their own demise.

In the Victorian Era, the twin excessive, one-sided developments of industrial urbanism and Puritanism tried to live side-by-side, but could not. Eventually the machines triumphed, and religion and marriage were cast aside, leading us to where we are today (https://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/view.cfm?recnum=860).

Oriental societies, such as China and India, have not had these social problems with urbanization. This is, however, more likely due to their tribalism, which sees family as a mere subunit, rather than an autonomous unit unto itself. This is not a model worth emulation, as it de-emphasizes individualism, oppresses women, and leads to nihilistically regarding human life as cheap and expendable. No Oriental army has ever had a shortage of suicide bombers.

Gondor has avoided the problem of the bourgeois by being a society overwhelmingly comprised of farmers and tradesmen.

The merchant class is kept in check by a series of laws that limit their rights, authority, and privileges to the cities where they live. All other social groups, from the peasantry to the guilds, are bound by similar laws that protect their existence and local autonomy.

In our time, decentralizing political and economic power through the use of antitrust legislation and distributism will allow us to grow the agricultural and blue-collar demographics at the expense of the banks and merchant class. We ought to see the working class movements against Islam (English Defence League, Football Hooligans, etc.) as allies and as the basis for restructuring urban society.

Concurrent with this, we will also benefit greatly from emulating Switzerland’s universal conscription and military training for all male citizens.

Historically, the lower nobility who comprised the bulk of the army often allied with the revolutionaries against the kings, Church, and peasantry. We can thwart this from happening again by ensuring that the army isn’t the only institution that is armed and trained to fight.

Minas Tirith again

Minas Tirith, also from Flickr and Google search ‘Free to use or share’.

Moving on from the social fabric of the cities to the cities themselves, we see that most cities in both the fantasy and real-life Europe have a relatively small footprint, but are filled with towering, tall structures. The benefit of tall buildings is that they have greater volumetric capacity, while taking up less square footage.

Tall buildings also correspond to wide streets and open-air plazas, both to allow fire departments to deploy their ladders and to make room for airy, green spaces and parks. All this, while remaining walkable, so as not to rely on automobiles.

 

Old tall structures have always been associated with advanced cultures, be they the Eiffel Tower, palaces, cathedrals, the Empire State Building, or the Pyramids in Egypt, South America, or Cambodia. Not only should these structures be tall and inspiring, they should be beautiful and built to last.

This is less of an issue in Europe, and more typical of the United States, but it is still worth mentioning. Beautiful architecture, rather than bland steel and concrete, is worth preserving. Our ancestors’ monuments were built to last, as a sort of heirloom and as a way to be remembered.

 

In Conclusion

Agrarianism is the natural state of humanity, and the majority of the population should work the land. Monasteries and communal life will dominate a truly decentralized society.

Urbanism has its own niche. Let our new, reborn society be organic, antibourgeois, full of color and singing, and lively again.

Far from aping our past, we shall continue its organic growth and surpass our ancestors. This is our time, let us build our monuments and write our pages in the history books.

 

 

 

 

 

Mentioned Or Similar Content:

 

Tommy Robinson: Enemy of the State

The Shadow Party: How George Soros, Hillary Clinton, and Sixties Radicals Seized Control of the Democratic Party

The Children of Hurin

Why We Fight</ u>

The Vikings: A History by Robert Ferguson

Asatru: A Native European Spirituality

The Strange Death of Europe: Immigration, Identity, Islam</ u>

Generation Identity

The Hobbit (1977)

The Return of the King

Vikings: Season 1

 

 

Comments (20)

  1. Dashui 2 weeks ago

    Here is a first hand account from the Italian front:

    I consider myself fortunate to have seen this unfold in my own country, Italy. Southern Italy, formerly known as the Kingdom of the two Sicilies, has been collapsing since 1861 in a manner very much similar to what JMG has described on the ADR blog.

    Which, by the way, seems to prove JMG’s point that the decadence of the West will be a long affair, and not a one-off, movie-like event.

    The relatively well-oiled state machine of the Bourbons fell apart after the illegal invasion of 1861. The South never recovered. The Mafia has been making deals with the central government ever since, from positions of ever-escalating strength.

    The government of Rome has essentially forsaken control of large parts of the country to the different Mafias. Sicily is essentially independent.

    As the Italian economy slowly collapses and society crumbles, the Mafia is expanding in the Northern areas.

    I am no apologist of the mafioso culture. But it works! When you can trust no one (government, businesses, politicians…), when everything slowly grinds to a halt, you can still count on family bonds and violent threats.

    • Author
      Admin 2 weeks ago

      Hey Dashui- where’s that from?

      Is that someone writing about today or writing in the past sometime?

      Very interesting. Seems like it could have been from 130 years ago or yesterday…

      -JL

      • Dashui 2 weeks ago

        Its a comment from a normie blog about 3rd way economics.

        • Dashui 2 weeks ago

          I doubt the commenter has ever heard of “4th generation war,” but he’s living it.

    • Author
      Admin 2 weeks ago

      That is good!

      As I grow older the ancestor/descendent aspect of it all becomes more and more significant in all my motivations and thinking.

    • Author
      Admin 6 days ago

      Interesting… yes the ‘allahu-ak-barriers’ seem to be the new defining feature of modern Western cities lol.

      But yeah, the second article was interesting too. I don’t think Muslims will ever have hegemony over America either, HOWEVER the whole ‘oh they only make up 1% of the population thing’ was exactly what was said in Europe for two decades, and look how that turned out.

  2. Sonnenrad 2 weeks ago

    Admin said: “Far from aping our past, we shall continue its organic growth and surpass our ancestors. This is our time, let us build our monuments and write our pages in the history books.”

    This is excellent. I saw this Chesterton quote recently on a Social Matter post and it seemed relevant to the question of romantic backwards-looking vs. positive new expressions of what is eternal.

    “…There is written, with all the authority of a human scripture, the eternal and essential truth that until we love a thing in all its ugliness we cannot make it beautiful. This was the weak point in William Morris as a reformer: that he sought to reform modern life, and that he hated modern life instead of loving it. Modern London is indeed a beast, big enough and black enough to be the beast in Apocalypse, blazing with a million eyes, and roaring with a million voices. But unless the poet can love this fabulous monster as he is, can feel with some generous excitement his massive and mysterious ‘joie-de-vivre,’ the vast scale of his iron anatomy and the beating of his thunderous heart, he cannot and will not change the beast into the fairy prince. Morris’s disadvantage was that he was not honestly a child of the nineteenth century: he could not understand its fascination, and consequently he could not really develop it. An abiding testimony to his tremendous personal influence in the æsthetic world is the vitality and recurrence of the Arts and Crafts Exhibitions, which are steeped in his personality like a chapel in that of a saint. If we look round at the exhibits in one of these æsthetic shows, we shall be struck by the large mass of modern objects that the decorative school leaves untouched. There is a noble instinct for giving the right touch of beauty to common and necessary things, but the things that are so touched are the ancient things, the things that always to some extent commended themselves to the lover of beauty. There are beautiful gates, beautiful fountains, beautiful cups, beautiful chairs, beautiful reading-desks. But there are no modern things made beautiful. There are no beautiful lamp-posts, beautiful letter-boxes, beautiful engines, beautiful bicycles. The spirit of William Morris has not seized hold of the century and made its humblest necessities beautiful. And this was because, with all his healthiness and energy, he had not the supreme courage to face the ugliness of things; Beauty shrank from the Beast and the fairy-tale had a different ending.”

    First to love in its ugliness; second to hammer into new beautiful form. Abstracting this principle, it resonates for me as an exhortation to come to grips with and finally sublimate the Faustian drive that has been at least a component of our descent into ugly gigantism and profligacy. Agrarianism *is* the natural state of man, and the majority should live the village life–I agree. But do we then pull the shades over certain intellectual and heroic vistas we’ve now glimpsed? Or can we turn technology into a mere tool in service of a Hyperborean culture? Doing so would simply be one aspect of the lesser jihad that would follow from spiritual rebirth in some small but effective cohort of our men. Let it be part of our project to fit a bridle on this poorly-bred, half-crazed mare and draw from her new generations of workhorses blending that wild vitality with masculine control and measure. Electrical mastery without the prodigality of televisions and computer gaming and microwave ovens; research science without political and corporate bodies setting its agenda, and with a proper piety for life and spirit; cities, but beautiful ones with stone and wood and vegetation, without the frenetic, unnatural pace dictated by personal automobiles and modern business culture; etc.

    • Michael Gladius 1 week ago

      Exactly what we’re aiming for. 😉

      As one who enjoys reading Chesterton, it’s hard to not quote him endlessly. He’s a must-read for any true counter-revolutionary.

    • Author
      Admin 6 days ago

      Chesteron is the man 🙂

    • Author
      Admin 6 days ago

      Interesting… that would be perfect too because the left has turned out to literally be 180* wrong every time now. It would be just like the Malthus overpopulation stuff in the 70’s that let to the one child policies that have wreaked so much havoc…

      But yeah its hard to know what to think of anything ‘scientists’ say nowadays… it seems like it has all become so corrupted with politics and incestuous corrupt university craziness.

  3. SteveRogers42 2 weeks ago

    I don’t care what all them there fancy scientists with their book-larnin’ say…I say this is Thor sending us a message:

    http://www.renegadetribune.com/photographers-capture-amazing-pillars-light/

    • Author
      Admin 6 days ago

      WOW that is absolutely incredible.

      I saw the Northern Lights once with my buddies back in 2002. Pretty rare where I lived at the time but it was incredible. Never seen pillars like that though I had never even heard of that.

      Let’s hope its a good message that Thor is sending us 🙂

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